The Pan Pontian Federation of USA and Canada used the Labor Day Weekend to host its 4th Υouth Awareness Conference.
As part of the conference, educators took part in an all day workshop on Saturday, August 30th to learn about the latest methods and mateήals for teaching about the genocide of the Ottoman Greeks between 1914 and 1923. Often refeπed to as "The Forgotten Genocide", the genocide of Ottoman Greeks of Asia Minor was among the most brutal ofhuman tragedies. Histoήc documents reveal that 700,000 perished, many of them from "death marches".
The workshop was sponsored by the Asia Minor and Pontos Hellenic Research Center (AMPHRC) and the Pontian Greek Society of Chicago "Xeniteas", with participation from the 111inois Holocaust Museum and Education Center.
Retired history teacher, Ron Levitsky, served as moderator and quickly reminded participants that human atrocities, bordeήng on genocide, are cuπently unfolding in several places around the wor1d. Levitsky also helped to develop curήcular mateήals on the Ottoman Greek Genocide.
Kelley Szany, Director of Educational Outreach and Genocide Initiatives at the Holocaust Museum, cautioned educators to be aware of using simplistic parallels from one genocide to the other. Szany acknowledged that, "genocide is a very difficult act to prove", but admits there are warning signs that lead to genocide. She went on to list the ''Eight Stages of Genocide"; Classification, Symbolization, Dehumanization, Organization, Polaήzation, Preparation, Extermination, and Denial." She also noted that in the context of teaching genocide in the 21st century it is important to also teach activism. ''If we encourage activism, then one day we no longer will resort to conflict due to fήction of our differences," said Szany.
Anastasia Skoupas, a high school English teacher and member of the Pontian Greek Society of Chicago, presented the overview of the Ottoman genocide with analysis of the lives of Greeks before, during and after the horrific
events ofthe "catastrophe". Skoupas graphically descήbed the brutality offorced labor camps that claimed the lives of thousands of Pontian Greek men, while their families were dήven from their villages for the sole purpose of "extraction and extermination."
Aside from learning how to teach this subject, in the context of other 20th century genocides, participants were also presented curricular materials developed by the Pontian Greek Society of Chicago, as well as histoήcal research published by the AMPHRC.
As a case study, participants also examined the survival and success of Anatolia College. It was founded in the Ottoman empire in 1886 in Merzifon, Turkey. Peter Chresanthakes, Vice President for Institutional Development at Anatolia College in Thessaloniki, Greece, recounted the brave stance taken by Anatolia College administrators and faculty during the genocide. Chresanthakes pointed out that, 'Άnatolia College took the lead in the relief effort, including the building of schools, hospitals and orphanages".
He added, that Anatolia College president George White wrote extensively about the Annenian and Greek catastrophes and urged the world to ήse up against it.
Workshop participants also learned the value ofusing personal narratives (first person accounts ofwhat actually occuπed) in teaching genocide studies. Το that end, they were introduced to two important naπatives ofthis genocide; Thea Halo's Not Even My Name and George Andreadis' Tamama, The Missing Girl ofthe Pontos.
George Mavropoulos, founder of the AMPHRC and member of the Illinois Holocaust and Genocide Commission stressed the importance of collecting and publishing vital stoήes of the genocide of Ottoman Greeks.
Assessing this academic workshop and conference Mavropoulos said:
"We are happy with another successful turn-out and we really appreciate the support we received from the Director of Education of the Illinois Holocaust Museum, as well as the continuous help and support from Ron Levitsky. It was a great opportunity for teachers and Federation members to learn of the Ottoman and later of the Nationalist governments planned mass deportation and systematic destruction ofHellenism of Asia Minor and Pontos".